Psychological warfare, according to the Department of Defense, is “the planned use of propaganda and other psychological actions having the primary purpose of influencing opinions, emotions, attitudes, and behavior of hostile foreign groups in such a way as to support the achievement of national objectives.” Strategic psyops takes place outside of an organized war effort, often with long-term goals in mind. Operational psyops takes place during many types of military exercises and can be used to gain support. Tactical psyops is used to achieve immediate goals, and the objective is often to lower the morale of the opposition.
Military psyops are delivered by many different means. The military can drop leaflets, use media outlets, or even use loudspeakers. The messages are designed to play off human emotions, such as fear logic, to achieve their desired objective.
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