As of 2011, there were 5,670,680 students ages 6-21 who received special education services in the U.S. Enrolling disabled students costs public 2-3 times more than enrolling just those students without disabilities. The most common types of special education disabilities include learning disabilities, speech impairment, intellectual disabilities, autism, emotional disturbance, hearing impairments and visual impairments.
Mental disorders in children have risen 35 fold in two decades, and one in five kids have some form of mental disability. The most commonly parent-reported disorders in children ages 3-17 include ADHD, behavioral disorders, anxiety, depression, autism and tourette syndrome.
Numerous factors contribute to the high costs associated with special education, including identifying disabled students, identifying the specific type of disability, determining appropriate services for disabled students, determining suitable programs and providing multiple services for one child.
To learn more about some of the numbers behind special education, take a look at the full infographic below.