All countries have unique health needs and challenges—whether they be small countries, large countries, low income countries or high income countries. A low income country is one that had an annual gross national product (GNP) per capita equivalent to $745 or less in 2003. In 2012, the most common causes of death in these countries included lower respiratory infections, diarrhoeal diseases, HIV/AIDS, ischaemic heart disease and Malaria.
In comparison, a high income country can be defined as one that had an annual GNP per capita equivalent to $9,026 or greater in 2003. In 2012, the most common causes of death in high income countries were ischaemic heart disease, stroke, trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers, Alzheimer’s Disease and dementia and lower respiratory infections.
Every country really does face unique medical challenges. In India, for example, there are only nine hospital beds per 10,000 people—compared to 30 hospital beds per 10,000 people in the U.S. Zimbabwe faces very serious problems with HIV/AIDS, while Afghanistan has major challenges with birth trauma.
To learn more about specific health needs and challenges around the globe, check out the interactive infographic below.